The Cooper Square Hotel is a twenty-one story luxury hotel at 25 Cooper Square in lower Manhattan. The tower was designed by the Carlos Zapata Studio; interiors are by Antonio Citterio. The hotel opened in 2008, was renamed The Standard East Village in 2011, and as of 2013 is undergoing renovations. The first design objective was to supply vegetative mass to the scale of the building. One solution was to install tulip poplars in the exterior patio area. This native tree has excellent structure and can quickly grow several stories tall. It is both shade and auto exhaust tolerant.